References

Fetishism of Digital Commodities and Hidden Exploitation: the cases of Amazon and Apple
An essay connecting the consumption of gadgets electronics with the human rights violation behind their production and distribution.

Global Information Society Report on ICT & Sustainability
GISWatch 2010 includes seven thematic reports, dealing with the global ICT footprint, emerging research agendas, sustainability, e waste, smart technologies, green grassroots technologies, and building advocacy networks, as well as an institutional overview and a consideration of green indicators.

KTH Royal Institute of Technology research on social life cycle assessment
The study evaluated impacts on human well-being throughout the lifecycle of a generic laptop from cradle to grave. The product system included material extraction, processing of raw materials, production and assembly, marketing and sales, use and disposal. A specific aim of the study was to identify social “hotspots”. These hotspots allow for a better understanding of where and when negative social impacts in the product systems of a laptop occur.

The Lightbulb Conspiracy
A thought-provoking film about the history and rise of “planned obsolescence”.

MIT’s “Backtalk”
MIT turned laptops and other electronic devices into independent reporters that document their ‘second life’ in Ghana, India and Nepal, sending images and GPS coordinates from remote places. The information they report back offers first-hand perspectives – glimpses into e-waste recycling villages, local thrift stores, public schools and libraries.

Realising the Reuse Value of Household WEEE
A report by WRAP with some estimates of the economic opportunities for reuse of WEEE. In short, our disposal of electronics constitutes a massive economic waste and inefficiency.

The Story of Electronics
The Story of Electronics employs the Story of Stuff style to explore the high-tech revolution’s collateral damage—25 million tons of e-waste and counting, poisoned workers and a public left holding the bill.

Timely replacement of a notebook under consideration of environmental aspects
This study commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment explains that the lifecycle of laptops should be increased, because 56% of all its power consumption is used during production, and that gains in energy efficiency when operating a laptop can not compensate the high production energetic costs. This implies that the greenest laptop you can have is the one you already own!